Hedgehog - Erinaceus europaeus Taxon: Eulipotyphla Hedgehog Red List Classification: GB: Vulnerable England: Vulnerable Scotland: Vulnerable Wales: Vulnerable Global: Least Concern General fact sheet (click to download) Field sign fact sheet (click to download) Habitat: Urban & gardens, grassland, mixed woodland, heathland, arable land. Hedgehogs are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act in Britain and may not be trapped without a licence. Hedgehogs are nocturnal and only come out at night. Also, remember that whilst your dog may be hedgehog friendly, visitors dogs may not. Hedgehogs aren’t the best at spotting things with their eyes. By curling into a tight ball and tucking in their heads, tail and legs, they protect vulnerable parts of their body. If absolutely necessary, pellets should be placed in a pipe or under a slate inaccessible to hedgehogs. The British Hedgehog Preservation Society (BHPS) is a registered UK Charity (number 1164542) dedicated to helping & protecting hedgehogs native to the UK (Erinaceus europaeus). Hedgehogs are the only British mammal with spikes. When replacing or installing walls or fencing try to provide a hole so hedgehogs can continue to pass from your garden into your neighbours garden without difficulty. — Global Animal. Lifespan (in wild): Around seven years Ask a parent or guardian to check it out first and remember to stay safe online. Out buildings are fine if heated but don’t put hedgehogs directly onto a metal grid or wire floor, or straight onto concrete – they have sensitive feet and the cold will permeate through. To save hedgehogs, we must understand them….. Over a third of hedgehogs have been lost since the millennium. Evidence suggests this decline is most severe in rural areas and hogs are actually faring better in … They are nocturnal and sleep all day in nests […] Hedgehogs have excellent senses of smell and hearing, but very poor eyesight. 1. Hedgies have poor eyesight, but excellent senses of smell and hearing. For care of very young hoglets offer warmth as above and seek advice quickly. Hedgehogs have a trick up their, errr, “sleeve” to give themselves extra protection – “self anointing.” These amazing animals are immune to certain poisonous plants, which they eat before making a frothy saliva in their mouth. Scroll down for 15 more fun hedgehog facts! Cat and dog treatments are far too strong to use on hedgehogs. Such youngsters will not have enough time to build up sufficient fat reserves to enable them to survive hibernation. In the 1950s it was estimated there were 36.5 million hedgehogs in Britain, but this was based on limited data and was probably an overestimate. They are also killed by foxes, pine martens, stoats and badgers. A hedgehog is a very active animal. These are an attractive nest as well as a home for the invertebrates (slugs, beetles) that hedgehogs like to eat. "Hedgehog" stems from the 1450 with "heyghoge" - found in hedgerows with a pig-like snout. It’s time for the lowdown on one of our planet’s cutest critters! 15 hedgehog facts for kids. There are 15 million gardens in the UK, covering about 270,000 hectares – more than the area of all the National Nature Reserves. These pages cover everything you could ever want to know about the hedgehog in Britain, including their distribution, behaviour, ecology and the threats that they face. a pre-selected message and a cool badge. Learn all about one of Australia’s most amazing animals with our kangaroo facts, Discover more about these adorable small mammals…. So, we acted fast. What many people do not know is that a hedgehog has a small tail. Hedgehogs are one of the UK’s best-loved mammals and spend much of their lives asleep. Hoglets normally weigh between 120g to 150g when weaned and must reach 600g by autumn to survive hibernation. Here are a few interesting facts on hedgehogs that might just surprise you. If you want to attract wildlife to your garden ensure there is easy access for them, leave wild areas and avoid ‘tidying up’ too much. Whereas for the smaller species, they are able to like anywhere from 2 – 5 years in average which is … Legs can also be caught in the gaps between logs in rolls of log edging. Hedgehog […], Hedgehog Awareness Week runs from 3rd – 9th May 2020 and hedgehoggy events are being organised all around the country! This will prevent hedgehogs reaching in them and tearing the bag. Roll up the net well above ground when not in use. If it is necessary to remove fleas from a hedgehog, then a commercially prepared powder suitable for caged birds can be dusted amongst the spines (taking care to avoid the eyes of the animal) as an adequate treatment, but do not use on very young hedgehogs. They should not be kept in close captivity, but regarded as welcome visitors. Amazing Facts About the Hedgehog (European) The hedgehog got its name because of its peculiar foraging habits. I would like a hedgehog for my garden – where can I get one? Hedgehogs can swim and climb. The number of hedgehogs living in the British countryside has plummeted by more than half since 2000, according to a new report. Top speed: 9.5km/h bursts The African pygmy hedgehog is the most common type sold as pets. The body of adult hedgehogs ranges from 14 to 30 centimetres long, and their tail can add one to six centimetres. While you wait for it to be checked and approved why not to add If in doubt allow the up-to-weight hedgehog to hibernate in a cold outhouse in a box filled with dry fresh straw providing food until it is no longer taken. Scientific name: Erinaceus They are widespread throughout mainland Britain. A small ramp or slope in one corner of the pit enables the trapped animals to walk out – see BHPS leaflet ‘Ramps’. Hedgehogs tend to hibernate between November and mid-March and may choose the stack of leaves or branches in your garden. The hedgehog is known as ‘the gardener’s friend’ as it will eat slugs, beetles, caterpillars etc., and does no harm, so if you have a garden a hedgehog is to be encouraged. He will require a large cage even though he is small. Sometimes there is another one. Hedgehogs are in trouble in the UK as reports come in that fewer hedgehogs are seen every year. These cute critters depend on their spines for defense, both while they sleep and when they face enemies. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. This diagram shows that beetles are a major food item along with caterpillars and earthworms. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. About. Juveniles are known as hoglets. Classification: Mammal Body length: 14cm – 30cm These are absent from the face, chest, belly, throat and legs which are covered with a coarse, grey-brown fur. Release in late April when food is more plentiful or when the wild hedgehogs are seen coming out of hibernation. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Discover amazing facts about all your favourite animals! Websites by barringtonprint    Design | Print | Web    Leominster, Herefordshire. Old names for it have been 'urchin' and 'hedgepig' and it has been the subject of some strange folk tales. It will never sleep or hibernate outside a nest. But soon after birth, their spines harden, becoming stiffer, sharper and longer. Hedgehogs eat insects, worms, snails, mice and frogs. Hedgehogs are famous for their prickly spines, which they have everywhere except on their face, legs and bellies. When they are born (there can be up to seven in a litter) their spines are soft and short. Choose a period of relatively warm, damp weather and ensure that plenty of dry nesting material is available for the hedgehog to build a winter nest and hibernate. They are not considered to be endangered, although numbers are in decline due to habitat loss. Then check out our adorable hedgehog facts…. Did you know? The west European hedgehog (scientific name Erinaceus europaeus) is one of about 17 hedgehog species worldwide and unmistakable as Britain’s only spiny mammal. Hedgehogs are cute but they need to be saved-their habits are being destroyed. Hedgehogs have about 5,000 spikes each. Did you know hedgehogs are nocturnal? You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. However this is a specialised job and it is better to pass the hoglet(s) onto an experienced carer. Hedgehogs are well established in our urban habitat and can, somewhat surprisingly, survive very well in our cities, making extremely good use of cemeteries, railway land, wasteland and both public and private gardens. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. hedgehogs are so cute and are very interesting! A more recent estimate in 1995, of 1,550,000 in Great Britain (England 1,100,000, Scotland 310,000, Wales 140,000), is more reliable. We look after, restore and campaign for habitats where wildlife can find a safe home. Uplands and mountainsides are not popular, probably because they lack both suitable food and suitable nesting places. Removal of these ticks is a difficult task but can be accomplished by using a tick remover. Here are some of the fascinating things that your little ones might to hear about. They can become trapped in the rubbish or even put out for refuse collection. Threats to the Hedgehog. Dead slugs must be removed daily. Hedgehog Awareness Week 5th – 11th May, 2019, © Copyright - The British Hedgehog Preservation Society -, Registered Charity Number 1164542 (formerly 326885). This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Once hibernating provide dry foods so should the hedgehog wake it will have food and water available. BTO is one of several organisations that has been collecting information on hedgehogs through its volunteer-based However hedgehog carers prefer to get autumn juveniles in care to an optimum weight of 600gms (1lb 6oz) or more. Here are some facts about hedgehogs. These prickly critters rely on hedgerows and woodland edges for food and shelter. Spines. Bean trenches, footings, fencing holes and car inspection pits are all potential death traps for hedgehogs. […], Do robotic lawn mowers harm hedgehogs? Use other garden pesticides sparingly;- or better still not at all, you never know what else they might kill or make sick. For this reason if you have to get rid of such material, move it to a different spot before setting fire to it; a hedgehog may be sheltering or hibernating in it. Hedgehogs are a gardener's friend, as they eat snails, slugs and insects. The hedgehog will treat this as a welcome supplement to its normal diet and will not go hungry if, for some reason, the food is not put out. Hedgehogs may give birth to their hoglets late in the year. Keep the pond level topped up so that hedgehogs can reach the wire. An adult hedgehog can weigh anything between 500g to 2kg. Mostly nocturnal creatures, they head out at night in search of food – but they are sometimes active during the day, too, particularly after it rains. European hedgehog. We also thank Hilary Whyard for the illustration on the front cover of this leaflet. The reason behind this behaviour is not clear. These much-loved mammals are in trouble, with the UK population possibly falling by two-thirds in the last 25 years alone. […], 23 university campuses are now more hedgehog friendly! Call the BHPS for further advice on 01584 890801 and a copy of the leaflet ‘Autumn Juveniles’. The name for a baby hedgehog is a hoglet. Call BHPS on 01584 890801 for details of your nearest carer. Everyone is sure to know what a hedgehog looks like. We can make big differences in our gardens through doing simple things. A wild hedgehog lifespan can last up to 4 – 7 years for the larger ones, some with the abundance of food and good climates, they are able to live up to a good 16 years. Ten or more different individuals may visit a garden over several nights, which could mean that ‘your hedgehog’ is in fact a number of different individuals visiting at different times. It is a solitary animal and should live alone. Scientists still stumped by zebra stripes. Nov 28, 2018 - Here are some facts around hedgehogs and information about hedgehogs. There are 15 different species of hedgehog, found across Europe, Asia and Africa. Though you may prefer to leave this to someone with experience as it is easy to leave the mouth-parts and head in the skin which may turn septic. This website uses cookies (not edible ones!). During the day, and during winter hibernation, the hedgehog will sleep in a specially built nest in thick undergrowth, under a shed, in piles of leaves or unlit bonfires. Other Dangers – Hedgehogs can become entangled in tennis and other nets, causing death by starvation. Cumbria Wildlife Trust does not take in injured animals, click the button below to find out what to do next to help a hedgehog in need of care. Always ensure that a dish of water is available especially during the summer months or in extreme weather conditions. The snuffling noises they make as they search for their food in hedgerows gave hedgehogs their name.