Cocos nucifera, commonly called coconut or coconut palm, is a tall tree that is native to tropical islands in the western Pacific. Coconut oil is used in cooking, cosmetics, soaps and margarine. The coconut is used in traditional medicines in Cambodia. Coconut is commonly planted as a windbreak and to help minimise soil and sand erosion in coastal areas, as well as for its graceful, iconic form, which contributes to the tropical feel of any garden or landscape. Add soil if necessary to cover the root ball. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 44645) with original publication details: Sp. 2 Amaranthaceae - Anacardiaceae. International Plant Names Index. Plan ahead for vining plants that might require a trellis or support cage. Interpreting Wetland Status ... IN-Center for New Crops and Plants Products (CONU) Italy-Palms (Universita di Catania) (CONU) Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia (CONU) The … Early Spanish explorers called it coco, which means "monkey face" because the three indentations (eyes) on the hairy nut resembles the head and face of a monkey. A botanic garden in southwest London with the world’s most diverse living plant collection. Coastal lowlands of the tropics. Articles & Resources . One of the most recognisable palms, the coconut palm can grow to the lofty height of 30m (100ft) tall. The liquid of the nut is used in beverages. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 10-12. The plantations are usually located in the lowlands just above beach level. A coconut is the fruit of the coconut palm, Cocos nucifera.Coconuts are believed to be native to Southeast Asia, where they have been cultivated and used in food for centuries. The coconut palm tree (Cocos nucifera), while a lovely landscape ornamental, is a bit of a fraud. When the coconut shell is separated from the husk and heated, it releases an oily substance that is used to soothe dental pains. Botanical Name : Cocos nucifera L. Synonyms : Cocos indica Royle Common Name : Nariyal, Coconut Plant Family : Arecaceae (Palmae) According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae.Thus the new name for the family Palmae became Arecaceae. Membership, Open today Book a time slot to Kew Gardens or Wakehurst before you visit. Where is this species invasive in the US. Coconut palm is a tree with a slim and smooth trunk, a crown of leaves, and rounded, green or yellow fruit. Find help & information on Cocos nucifera (F) coconut from the RHS. In the IUCN Red List this species is placed in the category: Not Evaluated – has not yet been evaluated against the IUCN Red List Criteria. Water ladles made from coconut shells (Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam) Common Name: Coconut. Cocos. … Species evaluated with the Predictive Tool: Predicted to be invasive and not recommended by IFAS. The old leaves are shed and don't form a skirt at the base of the leaves. Spider mites. Its flowers grow in clusters on a stem; a flowering structure known as an inflorescence. Get exclusive updates, offers and more in our monthly newsletter. The leaves of the coconut palm are woven to make baskets and mats and are sometimes used in roofing. Coconut, cocus nucifera, is a monoecious large palm of about 30 m tall with long pinnate leaves that break away cleanly leaving the unbranched trunk smooth. Behind the scenes in the Jodrell Glasshouse. Yes. Throughout history, humans have used medicinal plants therapeutically, and minerals, plants, and animals have traditionally The growing tip of this palm can be harvested and marketed under the name of heart of palm, but harvesting kills the plant. Tropicos.org 2018. Palma cocos Mill. Injections help stabilize plants but will not cure the disease. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. nucifera: Latin for nut bearing. The name coconut comes from the old Portuguese and Spanish word ‘coco’ which means head or skull - the three grooves on the coconut shell are thought to resemble facial features. Cocos. May be grown in containers (sow seed in spring) in a soil-based potting mixture with grit or sand added. Find help & information on Cocos nucifera (F) coconut from the RHS Search. Coconut oil is commonly used in cooking, especially frying. Nickname. Best growth occurs in moderately fertile, humusy, moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Kokos właściwy, palma kokosowa, kokosowiec, kokosowiec właściwy (Cocos nucifera L.) – jedyny gatunek z monotypowego rodzaju kokos (Cocos L.), należącego do rodziny arekowatych. Cocos nucifera. The leaves are arranged in a spiral fashion grouped at the growing tip. Kew Science: Plants of the World Online — Cocos nucifera, Open today Yes. 10am – 3pm (last entry 2pm), Tickets The fruit is a drupe comprised of three layers: the exocarp, mesocarp (coconut husk), and the endocarp. The coconuts have a thick, fibrous husk surrounding a hard, brown, woody shell that contains milky water and a lining of white meat. Accessed: 2018 Dec. 01. Dried coconut meat (copra) is crushed to obtain coconut oil with residue sometimes added to animal feed. Dicot Families . About coconut plant. Click here and try for free! Etymology: Cocos: Spanish/Portuguese for grimacing or grinning face referring to the three indentations on the nut that resembles a human or monkey face. Cocos nucifera (L.) (Arecaceae) is commonly called the ‘‘coconut tree’’ and is the most naturally widespread fruit plant on Earth. Family: Arecaceae. 2018. Use Flower Servant and it will remind you when to water, mist, fertilize or repot Cocos nucifera. Flowering Plants of Hawaii. Coconut meat can be eaten raw or cooked. The Plant List. Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of well-being and wealth is often portrayed holding a coconut. Plant family: Palmae. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Will be reassessed every 10 years. Leaves pinnate, feather shaped, 4-7 m long and 1-1.5 m wide at the broadest part. Pl. Coconut oil and milk are often found in soaps, body lotions, hair oils and cosmetics as they are very moisturising for the hair and skin. Its flowers grow in clusters on a stem; a flowering structure known as an inflorescence. Plant List . The seed oil is cytotoxic, emetic, emollient, hypotensive and purgative[311. Large palm grown ornamentally and/or for harvest to coconut fruits. Published on … Coconut milk is produced by grating the matue coconut meat, mixing it with water and then squeezing. Diplothemium henryanum F.Br. Plant Listings Cocos nucifera . When we hear the words ‘palm tree’, most of us think of cocus nucifera: big fronds, long bowing trunk, coconuts hanging. It has been commonly planted in frost free tropical areas throughout the world in a variety of conspicuous locations including coastal areas, beaches, parks, along streets, residential yards, near commercial buildings/hotels, and on golf courses. Both Kew Gardens and Wakehurst are open in the daytime (although some of our buildings are closed). Coconut flesh is high in fat and can be dried or eaten fresh. ... A description of each plant, together with habitat and distribution is given.]. The leaves are in a tuft at the top of the plant and are pinnate with green, linear-lanceolate leaflets. Cocos nucifera L. Cocos nucifera L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Cocos (family Arecaceae). It is known as the tree of life for all of its plant parts has a wide range of uses. Published online. In the coastal areas of the tropics and subtropics where it is grown, it requires a hot, moist climate and deep alluvial or loamy soil, thriving especially near the seaboard, but also considerable distance inland, provided climatic conditions and … The Plant List 2013. Christmas at Kew is cancelled from 20 December up to and including 1 January due to the introduction of Tier 4 restrictions in London. It is commonly offered to a Hindu god or goddess during worship, and at Hindu weddings, coconut flowers are often on display as symbols of success. Lethal yellowing is a serious disease which has killed thousands of coconut palms in Florida. Published on the internet. Description: Cocos nucifera is a large palm, growing up to 30m (98 ft) tall, with pinnate leaves 4–6m (13–20 ft) long, and pinnae 60–90 cm (23-35 inch) long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. The fibre from the husk is used in ropes, mats, doormats, brooms and sacks, and the coconut shells are sometimes used as bowls. This is a single-trunked palm with a branchless, often-curved, light gray trunk which is swollen at the base and topped by a crown of pinnate, downward-arching, green fronds (to 15-20' long). On fertile soil, a tall coconut palm tree can yield up to 75 fruits per year, but more often yields less than 30. Angiosperms. In winter, should your plant survive, mist it frequently or provide high levels of ambient humidity with a humidifier. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. Drinkable coconut water is the liquid inside green coconuts. Cocos nucifera : Other Source(s): Source: Arecaceae of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Cocos nucifera : Source: Trees will typically mature to 50-100' tall over time. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Insect pest problems include palm leaf skeletonizer, aphids, nematodes and scale. There is a dwarf variety. Read the scientific profile on coconut palm. Calappa nucifera (L.) Kuntze. Fruit-bearing starts after six years. In particular cases, this species may be considered for use under specific management practices that have been approved by the IFAS Invasive Plant … Coconuts probably originated somewhere in Indo-Malaya and are one of the most important crops of the tropics. This ‘tree of life’ can protect, heal and feed; if you ever find yourself stranded on a desert island, the coconut palm may be all you need. Arecaceae. It’s not entirely clear where the coconut palm first originates from but it is now one of the most widely-recognised plants in the world. Pierwotną ojczyzną palmy kokosowej (Cocos nucifera) była Ameryka Środkowa i Południowa. Cocos nucifera L. – coconut palm Subordinate Taxa. Fragrant yellow flowers in elongated clusters to 4' long only appear in tropical climates where they bloom on and off throughout the year. Common Names: Coconut. The female flowers are larger than the male flowers, and both are found on the same inflorescence. This plant has no children Legal Status. Arecaceae. U młodej rośliny liście są smukłe, delikatne, pień tworzy się u dojrzałych egzemplarzy. It is a drupe, or fruit. It has been commonly planted in frost free tropical areas throughout the world in a variety of conspicuous locations including coastal areas, beaches, parks, along streets, residential yards, near commercial buildings/hotels, and on golf courses. Needs minimum temperature of 64 degrees F. to produce fruit. Accessed Dec. 01 2018. Plant height (including pot) 130-140cm. ... BASIONYM: Cocos nucifera Linnaeus 1753. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. W naturalnych warunkach Cocos nucifera rośnie bardzo szybko i dorasta do 30 m wysokości. Cocos nucifera. 1 Acanthaceae - Aizoaceae. Resistant varieties are being developed. And because the coconut palm lacks bark, branches and secondary growth, it is not a tree. Coconut fruits also contain a clear liquid called coconut water which can be drunk fresh or used in cooking. Cocos nana Griff. In Colombia, coconut fruits are used to make glasses, vases, ashtrays, bracelets, belts, ornaments, busts, pencil holders, necklaces, and toys, whilst the leaves are used to make baskets and hats. It does not perform well in southern California. This name is in version 1.1 of The Plant List, record kew-44645, and has not been changed. This tropical species thrives in humid, frost free coastal lowlands and seashores. The trees are tall, reaching up to 30 m in height, with a slender, often curved trunk. ⚠ Version 1 of The Plant List has been superseded. Cocos nucifera is a large palm, growing up to 30 m (100 ft) tall, with pinnate leaves 4–6 m (13–20 ft) long, and pinnae 60–90 cm (2–3 ft) long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. Air purifying. Coconut; Coconut palm. The Plant List. Female flowers are followed by single-seeded coconuts (to 14" long). A Floridata plant profile of species Cocos nucifera, commonly called coconut palm. Wetland Status. Bloom Description: Creamy white to yellow. Coconut palm wood is used to build bridges and huts. It is spread by a leaf hopper. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species is the world’s most comprehensive source of information on the global conservation status of species. Cocos nucifera L. Cocos nucifera L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Cocos (family Arecaceae). Latin name: Cocos nucifera. Botanically, the coconut is not a true nut. Cocos nucifera in The Plant List Version 1.1. Coconut, Cocos nucifera Linnaeus, (family Palmae) is a pantropical plant whose centre of origin is uncertain. Nazwa palmy kokosowej w sanskrycie to kalpa wryksza, co tłumaczy się … Cocos indica Royle. The roots are also used as a treatment for dysentery. Each coconut has a fibrous husk which surrounds a woody shell containing the coconut meat, milk and oil which are used in numerous food products around the world. Coconuts come from one of the most famous and useful palms in the world, the coconut palm. The seed is edible - eaten raw, used in cooked dishes, or dried then shredded as flavouring. Nursery pot size. An iconic symbol of the tropics, the coconut palm can live up to 100 years in the wild. Angiosperms. The inner flesh of the coconut fruit, as well as the oil and milk that can be extracted from it, are a staple part of many people’s diets in the tropics and subtropics. Introduction. Both the husks and shells can be used as fuel. Coconut milk or crea… Remove the plant from its nursery pot. Glow Wild at Wakehurst is still going ahead. Pet/Baby safe? Coconuts are generally classified into two general types: tall and dwarf. Cocos nucifera, commonly called coconut or coconut palm, is a tall tree that is native to tropical islands in the western Pacific. Cocos Nucifera This plant is more commonly known as the coconut palm and provides one of the most widely used cooking ingredients in the world. coconut ECOLOGY C. nucifera is unknown in the wild state. Home . Water: Keep the soil continuously moist with warm water, but do not soak the plant. Obecnie można go spotkać w całej strefie tropikalnej. In the U. S., it will grow in southern Florida, the southern tip of Texas and Hawaii. 1188 1753. C. nucifera palms are unbranched, monoecious trees with smooth, columnar, light grey-brown trunk, usually 9-18 m height and sometimes taller (up to 30 m); dwarf selections also exist. Other plant parts have a variety of uses, particularly in the Far East, including trunk (construction), fronds (weaving, baskets, thatching), endosperm (cosmetics) and sap (palm sugar or toddy).Genus name comes from the Portuguese word coco meaning mask.Specific epithet means bearing nuts. Grows best in warm, humid areas on sandy soils with plenty of sunlight and regular rainfalls. 3 Apiaceae - Apocynaceae. Leaves numerous, 3-6 m long; pinnae to 100 on each side, regularly inserted in one plane, straight, the central ones to 1 m long and 5 cm wide. 10am–4.30pm* (last entry 4pm) *Closing times vary, Ardingly, Haywards Heath, Sussex, RH17 6TN. Origin: It is thought to have originated in Melanesia or Malaysia but this is the source of much debate. 19cm. During Narali Purnima, which marks the end of the monsoon season in India, fishermen give coconuts as offerings to the sea to celebrate the beginning of the new fishing season. © Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 10am–4.30pm* (last entry 4pm) *Closing times vary. There are many cultivated varieties (cultivars) of coconut palm: some dwarf varieties and some tall varieties which bear different types of coconuts. 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